How do new diseases get given their names?

There's been a convention in medicine to call conditions after the doctor who first described or publicized on that ailment. Occasionally the physician called the illness after themselves which might be looked at to some degree arrogant and at other occasions it was given a physician’s name by their peers in acknowledgement of their work, that would be regarded as an honour. Just lately there's been a trend away from naming health problems after doctors.

Many reasons exist for for this trend. Nowadays scientific studies are very likely to be completed by groups and not individuals working alone, so it is hard to credit an ailment to only one person. In some cases previously recognition for a condition went for the wrong physician and the condition might have been explained by another individual prior to when the one that receives the recognition.

An illness that is called after an individual isn't going to describe the specific pathology or the underlying biological components with the disease process which are generally a lot more help. As an example, it really is relatively easy to understand what disorders such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (or AIDS) or whooping cough are simply based on the actual name. If these kinds of disorders were called after physcians, it would convey absolutely nothing of the underpinning process. In a number of situations there can be more than one conditions called after the same person or the same name. For instance, there are 12 unique disorders called after the neurosurgeon, Dr Cushing.

At times a illness which is called after a doctor has something concerning their history that it is no longer proper to name the problem after them. For instance, there was a condition, Reiter’s syndrome which had been called after Dr Hans Reiter who had been subsequently charged with war crimes for his medical experiments conducted at a Nazi concentration camp. The disorder that was known as Reiter’s syndrome is currently more commonly termed Reactive arthritis. Similarly, Wegener’s Granulomatosis had been named for Friedrich Wegener who has been a Nazi doctor. The name for the disease is currently more often known as granulomatosis with polyangiitis after his Nazi ties were made public.

One more example is Severs disease which is a painful disorder in the heel bone in kids that is self-limiting. It was first written about by J Severs back in 1912. It is not a disease, but the utilization of this terminology is possibly damaging to kids. It is probably more correctly called calcaneal apophysitis because the heel bone is technically named the calcaneus and the pathology is an inflammation of the apophysis (or growth zone).

The WHO has recently released principles on the labeling of new illnesses with the focus on a best process to not term diseases after physicians or geographic regions in order to prevent the effects on those people and the regions as well as their economies and also to avoid stigmatization of individuals and areas. The best strategies states that a condition name ought to consist of a generic descriptive name which can be depending on the symptoms the disease will cause plus more specific descriptive words as soon as robust details are available on the way the disorder presents or behaves.